Femoroacetabular Impingement (FAI)
When excess bone grows along any of the two bones that form the hip joint, it is the product of a condition called femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) syndrome. This results in irregularly shaped bones that do not join together correctly. If the bones then rub against each other during movement, it can lead to hip damage that may ultimately limit mobility and produce pain and discomfort.
There are three distinct types of FAI, all of which can restrict the range of movement in the hip:
- Pincer Type FAI – describes FAI that presents as extra bone extending abnormally over the rim of the acetabulum (hip bone socket). This may result in the labrum (cartilage that rims the outer edge of the acetabulum) being impacted and crushed.
- Cam Type FAI – presents as a femoral head that is not round. This means that the femoral head cannot rotate smoothly, and grinding will occur within the acetabulum. Grinding can cause significant damage inside the hip joint if it is not treated.
- Mixed Type FAI– If you have both cam and pincer FAI, the condition is known as combined or mixed FAI. Decreased range of movement is likely, along with all other risks associated with cam and pincer FAI.
Specialist Orthopedic Care
If you are suffering from femoroacetabular impingement, Silicon Valley Orthopaedics can provide specialized orthopedic care. Dr. Nic Gay and Dr. Masi Reynolds offer individualized treatment plans that are designed to provide pain relief and improved mobility. We are committed to giving patients access to surgical options focused on hip joint preservation.
Dr. Nic Gay or Dr. Masi Reynolds will recommend orthopedic hip care options based on the results of a comprehensive examination. We believe in patient-guided treatment, so you will always have a voice throughout the process.
Contact Silicon Valley Orthopaedics today for a unique experience in orthopedic treatment that is affordable and effective.